Textfeld: LLaMa-Test™


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What is the LLaMa test? 

-    based on a so-called c-test in which test takers sit before a computer screen and fill in gaps in four selected texts of increasing complexity

-    the gaps correspond to the second half of truncated words at regular intervals (such as every 4th word) in the text

-    each of the four texts contains 25 gaps

-    test takers have 30 minutes to complete the test

-    they score one point for each word properly completed, for a maximum of 100 points

-    traditional c-tests are designed to provide an objective assessment of a test taker’s general language proficiency; accordingly, they employ ‘neutral’ texts from newspapers, magazines, and other common sources

-    the LLaMa test, by contrast, provides an objective assessment of the test taker’s ability to compete in a demanding LLM programme in English; accordingly, texts for the LLaMa test are chosen from case decisions of the House of Lords (Supreme Court of the UK), United States Supreme Court, Supreme Court of Canada, and High Court of Australia


Why the LLaMa test? 

-    specifically tests legal reading and writing proficiency, the most important language skills needed in an LLM programme

-    easy and inexpensive to administer

-    unlike the TOEFL, it is offered in Münster

-    students in Münster already possess a high level of English language proficiency

-    c-tests are used as an admissions test at several German universities, including Münster and Munich

-    scores on c-tests provide consistently reliable estimates of language ability




Coleman, Jim., Rüdiger Grotjahn and Ulrich Raatz,. University Language Learning and the C-Test. Bochum: AKS-Verlag.

Grotjahn, R. (Ed.), 2006. Der C-Test: Theoretische Grundlagen und praktische Anwendungen, Band 4. Bochum: AKS-Verlag.

Lienert, Gustav und Ulrich Raatz, 1998. Testaufbau und Testanalyse. Weinheim: BeltzPVU.

Norris, John M., 2006. Development and evaluation of a curriculum-based German C-test for placement purposes. In Rüdiger Grotjahn, ed. Der C-Test: Theoretische Grundlagen und praktische Anwendungen. New York: Peter Lang, 45-83.

Sigott, Günther (ed.) ,2004. Towards Identifying the C-Test Construct. New York: Peter Lang.